- 1 What is the purpose of a symphony?
- 2 What does program music trying to convey?
- 3 What is the primary difference between a program symphony and a symphony composed in the style of absolute music?
- 4 Why is program music important in Romantic era?
- 5 What are the 4 parts of a symphony?
- 6 What makes a good symphony?
- 7 What are the 4 types of program music?
- 8 Which of the following is an example of a program symphony?
- 9 What does it mean if a work is considered program music?
- 10 What is an absolute symphony?
- 11 Who invented the program symphony?
- 12 What is program music vs absolute?
- 13 What instruments were used in the Romantic period?
- 14 What is romanticism a reaction to?
- 15 What are the characteristics of romantic period?
What is the purpose of a symphony?
A symphony is a work for orchestra in several sections, called movements. It was originally relegated to a humble position as the introductory music for an opera. Symphonies became so popular in the 18th century that they detached completely from opera and turned into the most revered instrumental genre of the era.
What does program music trying to convey?
Program music or programme music (British English) is music that attempts to depict in music an extra-musical scene or narrative. Absolute music, in contrast, is to be appreciated without any particular reference to anything outside the music itself.
What is the primary difference between a program symphony and a symphony composed in the style of absolute music?
While program music has a subject, absolute music is about absolutely nothing. It is non-representational, or abstract. Absolute music does not represent a story, an idea, or anything outside of the music itself.
Why is program music important in Romantic era?
Program music particularly flourished in the Romantic era. Composers believed that the dynamics of sound that were newly possible in the Romantic orchestra of the era allowed them to focus on emotions and other intangible aspects of life much more than during the Baroque or Classical eras.
What are the 4 parts of a symphony?
The four-movement form that emerged from this evolution was as follows:
- an opening sonata or allegro.
- a slow movement, such as andante.
- a minuet or scherzo with trio.
- an allegro, rondo, or sonata.
What makes a good symphony?
A great orchestra can produce a rich, full, sumptuous, well blended sound. A great orchestra plays with clear balance of the different sections, strings, woodwinds, brass and percussion. The brass and percussion do not drown out the rest of the orchestra. of course, the conductor is important in this, too.
What are the 4 types of program music?
Orchestral programme music
- the tone poem (or symphonic poem)
- the concert overture.
- the programme symphony.
Which of the following is an example of a program symphony?
Hector Berlioz’s Symphony Fantastique is one of the best-known examples of a program symphony.
What does it mean if a work is considered program music?
Program music, instrumental music that carries some extramusical meaning, some “program” of literary idea, legend, scenic description, or personal drama. Most music works on such a symbolic and evocative but not directly descriptive level. Thus, Beethoven considered his Symphony No.
What is an absolute symphony?
Absolute music is music which doesn’t have a subject or require physical context. It’s art for art’s sake, meant only to evoke emotion and encourage the listener to experience music as an art form. This idea became important in the early 19th century as part of the Romantic era.
Who invented the program symphony?
Hector Berlioz provides a story line (program) for the Symphonie Fantastique to describe the life of the young artist as depicted in the composition. Program music was especially popular in the 19th century.
What is program music vs absolute?
Program music – music that has an extra-musical idea to go along with it. It might be a story, an idea, a picture, or a text. Absolute music – music that has NO extra-musical idea to go along with it. It is music for its own sake, with the composer giving you NO hint as to what it might be depicting.
What instruments were used in the Romantic period?
During the romantic period, the orchestra had become a great force due to its increasing size including the following: woodwind – flutes and piccolo, oboes and clarinets, bassoon and double bassoons. brass – trumpets, trombones and French horns (tuba added later in the period)
What is romanticism a reaction to?
Romanticism was a revolt against the aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment and also a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature. Romanticism legitimized the individual imagination as a critical authority, which permitted freedom from classical notions of form in art.
What are the characteristics of romantic period?
Among the characteristic attitudes of Romanticism were the following: a deepened appreciation of the beauties of nature; a general exaltation of emotion over reason and of the senses over intellect; a turning in upon the self and a heightened examination of human personality and its moods and mental potentialities; a